From “Man, Machine, and Information Flight Systems”: The Apollo 8 flight to the moon involved collecting and processing more bits than the data used by all combat forces in World War II. The technological advancement in making advanced rockets for flying on the moon is reasonably well known. Much less understood, but perhaps even more significant is the information management system. The work of thousands of people in real time, and the data processed by many powerful computers, is organized, processed, filtered and channeled through one to three people in the cockpit in an understandable and digestible form. With this information pilots can move with confidence that they have a league with powerful logic systems and a large number of cells in memory storage.
From “Multiprocessor Revolution: Using Computers Together”: By using a number of relatively inexpensive VLSI processors together in a multiprocessor system, we can significantly reduce the cost of achieving today’s fastest computing speeds. Many of us hope that these new breeds of machines will make possible our most romantic and ambitious aspirations: these new machines can recognize images, understand speech, and behave more intelligently. Even anthropological evidence suggests that in order for computers to work intelligently, many processors need to work together. Consider the human eye, where millions of neurons help us see. What arrogant argument led us to believe that a single processor capable of giving only a few million instructions per second could ever demonstrate intelligence?